A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the oral cavity. This usually occurs due to disease processes that render the tooth non-restorable, such as a large cavity or gum disease. Alternatively, a tooth may be removed for functional reasons, for instance, to create space for braces.
A root canal is done to treat a tooth whose nerve has been irreversibly damaged, but the remaining part of the tooth is still savable. This is different from a dental extraction, which is recommended when a disease process has made the tooth non-savable. After extraction, a tooth replacement option is usually considered.
When a tooth is infected, it's not just the tooth but often also the surrounding area that's infected. Therefore, it's crucial that all necessary precautions are taken during tooth extraction, and the patient takes appropriate medications post-procedure.
Not all patients who get braces need teeth extracted. However, an orthodontist may recommend tooth extraction in some cases to create room for the remaining teeth once they are straightened.
Periodontal disease affects the structures around a tooth or the entire dentition. While removing a tooth eliminates that tooth's periodontal disease, it is not a cure for the overall disease. Other treatments are necessary to manage periodontal disease effectively.
A dental implant, which is a tooth replacement option, requires the extraction of the tooth prior to placement. This is because the implant uses a fixed structure inside of the bone to hold onto a structure that resembles a natural tooth.
The goal during a tooth extraction is to ensure the patient's comfort. The patient is numbed before the procedure to prevent significant pain. However, the patient may feel pressure during the extraction process.
A bone graft is sometimes placed into the area where a tooth has been extracted to protect the area and allow for the best tooth replacement options. However, in some situations, a bone graft may not be performed. This can be discussed during the examination.
The goal during any procedure is to ensure the patient's comfort. The area is numbed to prevent discomfort. However, some discomfort may be felt during the extraction process. Measures are taken to minimize the likelihood of pain.
During a tooth extraction, local anesthesia is always used to numb the area. Antibiotics may also be given beforehand to reduce infection. Other sedation options include laughing gas and oral sedation. For larger reconstructive procedures, other methods may be used.
After extraction, medications are prescribed to ensure the patient's comfort and promote healing. These include pain relief medications and antibiotics to prevent infection.
Most patients experience the most soreness two days after the procedure. Generally, soreness lasts two to three days, and many patients report very minimal postoperative discomfort.
Patients can aid the healing process by taking all prescribed medications and antibiotics, using any prescribed mouth rinse, and avoiding activities that can harm the healing process, such as smoking.
To minimize bleeding after a procedure, patients should avoid anything that creates a vacuum in the mouth, such as drinking through a straw or smoking. Avoiding carbonated beverages and following other care instructions can also help.
A blood clot is a natural part of the healing process. If a blood clot is lost, the area will need to reform a blood clot to prevent continued bleeding.
After a tooth extraction, it is important to take all medications as prescribed, apply ice during the initial healing phase, and rest. Proper rest and nutrition in the first few days will promote better healing over time.
After a dental extraction, it is recommended that patients avoid any activities that would raise their blood pressure during the immediate post-operative healing phase.
Depending on the location and number of teeth lost, a patient may notice a difference in speech after a tooth extraction.
If you've been told that a tooth extraction is necessary, it's important to schedule an appointment as soon as possible to prevent the spread of infection. You can call us at (850) 909-9731 to schedule an appointment today.