Periodontal disease is any type of disease process happening around the sides of the teeth. This can take place in the gum tissues directly connected to the teeth or the bone structures that hold the teeth in place.
Several factors can cause periodontal disease, and certain things can aggravate it. The main cause is bacteria in the mouth. Almost all types of periodontal disease have a bacterial component. However, factors like the individual patient's genetics, smoking, or other medical conditions, such as diabetes, can worsen the disease or make it more likely to progress.
Unfortunately, periodontal disease does not present many symptoms that patients can feel. If a patient doesn't get a thorough exam and an accurate diagnosis, they may remain unaware of their condition for years.
Periodontal disease is linked to several conditions that do not affect the mouth but are more medical issues, some of which include heart disease and related cardiac conditions or diabetes.
In most cases, periodontal disease cannot be completely cured. It's a disease process that we manage over time. However, with treatment, periodontal conditions can be controlled effectively, resulting in an excellent outcome for the patient.
When treating periodontal disease, the primary objective is to eliminate the bacteria from the mouth effectively. This is primarily the job of the periodontist and other dental professionals. Often, patients will undergo a deep cleaning, a procedure aimed at removing as much bacteria as possible from beneath the gum tissues. In moderate to advanced cases where deep cleaning is not enough, other surgical options are available.
There are numerous methods to mitigate pain during periodontal cleanings or treatments. At Periodontics and Implant Dentistry of Tallahassee, one of our main goals is to ensure a comfortable experience for patients, regardless of the treatment required for their periodontal condition.
If you have additional questions or wish to set up an exam, please call us at the office line at (850) 909-9731.